Modern vehicle brake systems use basic hydraulics where friction is applied to slow and stop the movement of the wheels. When a driver presses the brake pedal, pressurised hydraulic fluid is sent to the brake components, and the resulting friction slows the vehicle down to a halt.
- If the brake pedal goes down too far.
- If the vehicle pulls aside during braking.
- If the brakes drag and the vehicle do not roll freely.
- Grinding noise under braking condition.
- Brake fluid level should always be close to the ‘max’ mark. Low levels may indicate that the brake pads are tired and worn.
- How does brakes feel underfoot? A hard or spongy pedal can be an indication of air in the hydraulic system.
- A red brake-warning light that stays on may indicate an imbalance in the car’s hydraulic system or worn brake pads.
- Noise while braking (e.g. screeching, squeaking or grinding) is a sign of worn and/or damaged brakes.
- If there is an odour of burnt brakes, it’s a highly dangerous situation and may indicate brake failure. Brakes should be replaced immediately.